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Information about El Hierro Canary Islands Spain Information about El Hierro

Capital:Valverde
Area:287 Km²
Altitude:1.500 m, El Pico Malpaso
Position:Lat: 27,75° North - Long: 18,00° West
Distance to Africa:350 Km
Population:Approx. 8.000
Nearest Islands:La Gomera, distance 60 Km
Shoreline:86,9 Km
Country:Spain
Region:Canary Islands
Government:Autonomous
Language:Spanish
Main Airport:Arrecife
Sea:Atlantic Ocean
Climate:Atlantic Sub-tropical
Time zone:GMT
Religion:Catholic
International dialing code:+34
Local currency:€ Euro
Canarian flag:Canarian Flag
Coat of Arms:Canarian Coat of Arms

El Hierro Canary Islands El Hierro, the smallest island of the Canarian group, situated the most westerly of the Achipelelago. The coastline is rocky with high cliffs. With just a surface of 287 Km² this island has reached extreme altitudes of up to 1.501 meters at the Pico Malpaso. In contrast with the mountains and cliffs, there is a curious place called El Golfo, 14 Km long stretched area with forests. Valverde, the capital of the island is a quiet and picturesque place with beautiful gardens. El Hierro is a perfect place for a peacefull and quiet holiday surrounded by sea and nature.

City Information (Source: www.el-hierro.org)

Valverde
Valverde, El Hierro's beautiful capital and seat of local government, is a township of 1600 inhabitants with white houses, gardens and fields. It is situated on a mountainside between 600 and 700 metres above sea-level, and thus is the only Canary island capital which is not on the coast. Before the Spanish occupation, this was the site of the Bimbache settlement of Amoco. Valverde is divided into three: Tesine, the uphill part, the centre, and the downhill area, El Cabo. Two main roads cross the town, the rest is steep streets. Here you find a hospital, primary and secondary schools, the courts, two small museums, a cultural centre with a cinema and theatre, banks, guest-houses, restaurants, two discotheques and numerous bars.The parish church of Santa Maria de la Concepcion was built in the 18thC and the Madonna to be found inside dates from the same period. Opposite is the Town Hall, built in typical Canary style. it was begun in 1910 but could not be finished until 1940 for lack of funds.
Valverde El Hierro

Mocanal
Mocanal is located in the fertile north of the island, surrounded by meadows and fields, at around the same altitude as Valverde. The atmosphere tends to be damp, and mist is frequent.

El Pinar
El Pinar The communities of Taibique and Las Casas, lying at the southern limit of the great pine forests, are known jointly as "EI Pinar". The people live from farming. From the Tanajara viewpoint there is a good view of the village and the whole southern area of the island. At the foot of the hill, there is a pottery for you to visit and Panchillo's private museum. In the village there are several handicraft workshops: woodcarving, basketry and weaving.
El Pinar El Hierro

Guarazoca
Guarazoca is a couple of kilometres to the north, and enjoys a very similar landscape and climate. Its inhabitants live mainly from farming and several ancient, impressive wine-presses can still be seen.

El pozo de las Calcosas
On the coast below Mocanal there are two natural swimmimg-pools next to which there is an ancient hamlet, preserved just as it was: El Pozo de las Calcosas. The houses, with their dry-stone walls and thatched roofs, have been carefully restored by their present owners. This place is only lived in at weekends and in the summer. and to reach it requires a ten-minute walk along a narrow track downthe cliff.
El Pozo de las Calosas El Hierro

La Peña
From the restaurant at the La Peña viewpoint you can enjoy a magnificent view and a meal at the same time. The design is the work of Cesar Manrique and mainly local materials were employed in its construction. Through its large windows you can admire the fantastic panorama of El Golfo, the Rocks of Salmor and La Cumbre. The view-point is an intelligent combination of traditional construction and modern architecture.

Las Montañetas
A little above Guarazoca and Mocanal you come across one of the oldest villages on El Hierro: Las Montañetas. The dampness of its climate made its inhabitants finally abandon it, but most of its fields are still kept under cultivation. A few of its houses have been restored at considerable effort by their owners and are let out as holiday homes.

San Andrés
San Andrés lies on a plateau at 1100 metres above sea-level and enjoys a continental climate: searing heat in summer cold, damp and mist in winter. The mist can last all day, or more often, all night. As you can see by the goats, sheep and cows grazing in the nearby fields, the people here live mainly from herding.
San Andres El Hierro

Isora
Isora is a village which stretches along both sides of the main road, with gracious white-washed houses, tranquil interior patios, gardens and vines. At the end of the village a viewpoint is being built from where you can see Las Playas, the Roque de la Bonanza, and the National Tourist Hotel.

Echedo
Echedo lies in an important wine-growing area and its gracious houses are surrounded by the typical vines with volcanic ash. From here departs the track which leads to the "Charco Manso", fantastic natural swimming-pools set in a rugged coast, with lava arches and blow-holes.

Tamaduste
Tamaduste has gone from being a fishing village to a place for the people from Valverde to spend their holidays. Its small, natural harbour invites you to bath in its waters. Near the airport, its white houses and apartments contrast sharply with the black volcanic ash of its surroundings.
Tamaduste El Hierro

La Caleta
This village is near the airport and has some holiday flats and two bars, as well as a place for swimming. On the rocks along the shore, many rock-canvings, said to have been made by the aboriginals, have been discovered.

Timijiraque
In the bay here, near the port of La Estaca, you find one of the few sandy beaches on the whole island. It is usually frequented by surfers and families with children. There are two cars offering wine and snacks.

Las Playas
Eight kilometres further to the south, where the bay of Las Playas starts, the imposing shape of the Roque de la Bonanza comes into view, a rocky formation which rises 200 metres straight up from the ocean bed. It is one of the most-photographed sights on the island, appearing in a multitude of books, guides and post-cards.
Las Playas El Hierro

Frontera
The name Frontera covers the majority of the communities in El Golfo, but it is also used as another name for the village of Tigaday. Frontera has gained in importance as it has become the centre of prosperous fruit farms. On the coast there are many plantations with irrigation systems, whilst the hillsides are covered with vineyards.

Tigaday
Here stands the Town Hall as well as a school, the cultural centre, a clinic, cinema, banks, guest-houses, restaurants and bars. Along the coast of El Golfo you find several natural rock swimming-pools which have been improved by the hand of man to facilitate bathing. Usually they have places to make cooking fires, drinking water is laid on, as well as and rustic benches and tables, so that both locals and holiday-makers alike can enjoy their picnic to the full.

Los Llanitos
Near Tigaday lies Los Llanillos with its well-tended houses and lovely, flower-filled gardens. The local authorities have surpassed themselves in reconditioning the well-known "Charco Azul".

Guinea
Along with Albarrada and Las Montañetas, Guinea is one of the three villages which dispute the honour of being the oldest settlement on the island; the experts have still not agreed. All of its ancient houses have been restored by the "Cabildo insular" (Local government) and organized in a ecological open-air museum. A series of terraria have been built for the giant lizards where visitors will be able to observe specimens of these rare and timid reptiles without disturbing their natural habitat.
Sabinosa
Sabinosa, with its ancient, well-preserved houses in the very purest El Hierro style, is, without doubt, the most picturesque village on the island. Here too, you find an abundance of flowers in all the patios and gardens.
Sabinosa El Hierro

Pozo de la Salud
As you descend from Sabinosa towards the coast, you come into Pozo de la Salud, where a spring of medicinal waters arises. They are said to have curative properties, whether drunk or applied externally. Some time ago a spa was built here, but it has yet to be opened.

El Verodal
Another couple of kilometres to the west takes you to the largest of El Hierro's beaches, El Verodal, with red sand and very considerable breakers. Rustic facilities for picnicking and recreation have been built here too.
El Verodal El Hierro

Mirador de las Playas
This viewpoint is situated a little to the north of Las Casas and if the sky is clear, being at almost 1000 metres, it offers an impressive view over the whole bay.

El Morcillo
The El Morcillo recreational area is right in the heart of the pine forest and has facilities for cooking over open fires (wood is provided), drinking water, rustic benches sod tables, toilets, a children's play area and a football field.

Faro de Orchilla
Following the same track to the south and towards the coast, you arrive finally at the Orchilla lighthouse, the most westerly in Europe. 2000 years ago, this point was the end of the known world and for 1700 years was considered to be the point through which Longitude Zero Degrees passed.
El Faro de Orchilla El Hierro

Tacorón
To the south of El Pinar, in the area known as Mar de las Calmas, lies the cove of Tacorón. Here too there are picnic facilities, and its crystal-clear waters beckon you in for a swim at any time of year. Please do not forget that both here, and in all other parts of the island, spear-fishing is absolutely forbidden.

La Restinga
The little fishing village of La Restinga is located at the far southern end of the island and is home to the island's fishing fleet. It has an enormous breakwater which protects the harbour and the village from the tremendous storms which Nature at times unleashes in this pan of the world. There are several restaurants where you can try fresh-caught local fish.
La Restinga El Hierro

El Hierro Canary Islands El Hierro Canary Islands




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